I will suggest every Windows 10 user should read an article by Ed Bott in the ZDNet web site at http://www.zdnet.com/article/windows-10-telemetry-secrets/. Ed Bott provides an overview of the information about you and your computer that Microsoft collects and then points out that the details are available on Microsoft’s TechNet web site at https://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/mt577208(v=vs.85).aspx#BKMK_MoreUTC.
Collecting information about an operating system or an application’s performance is not unique to Microsoft. Apple does it with OS X and many applications collect data as well. Microsoft simply seems to collect more data than do the other companies.
If you do not want your computer’s information collected, I suggest you switch to Linux. Even then, not any old version of Linux will do.
Use Tails (see my earlier articles about Tails at https://privacyblog.com/2014/12/29/the-amnesiac-incognito-live-system-tails/ and at https://privacyblog.com/2015/05/02/use-a-secure-and-free-computer-for-banking-and-all-other-finances/). RoboLinux is another Linux distribution that offers higher than normal security. I described RoboLinux at https://privacyblog.com/2015/05/20/robolinux-a-more-secure-linux-desktop-solution/.
You also might want to read Steven J. Vaughan-Nichols article, Sick of Windows spying on you? Go Linux, at http://www.zdnet.com/article/sick-of-windows-spying-on-you-go-linux/.